[VIDEO LESSON] Learn Major and Relative Minor Pentatonic Scales on Guitar and Some Soloing Techniques

In this video lesson, Marty Schwartz will teach you in detail about a Major Pentatonic Scale – D and its relative minor pentatonic scale which is B and some soloing techniques.

Essentially, what you will learn in this lesson is how a Major Pentatonic Scale is related to a minor pentatonic scale and how to use both of these scales interchangeably over a chord progression. This relationship is basically derived from the regular Major Scale to minor scale relation.

Here in this lesson Marty Schwartz uses the fretboard to derive the relative minor scale and relative major scale, which is perfectly fine as a shortcut method, but it’s also incredibly important to know how to derive it in a more theoretical manner – I mean in a more technical standpoint.

Let’s dig deeper into this lesson to find out the relative minor scale of D Major Pentatonic Scale.

D Major Scale

So first let’s derive D Major Scale by applying the Major Scale formula which is W-W-H-W-W-W-H. And we get the D Major Scale notes as D E F# G A B C#

B Minor Scale – Relative Minor of D Major Scale

Theoretically, the relative minor scale is derived from the 6th degree or note of the Major Scale. The reason why they are related is that they share the same notes, and so they sound the same when played out except that the ROOT notes are different, for D Major it is D and for B Minor it is B.

So in this case, the 6th degree of D Major Scale is B. Hence, the relative minor of D Major Scale is B Minor Scale.

Now, all we need to do is derive the Pentatonic Scales of D Major and B Minor.

D Major Pentatonic Scale

Both these scales can be derived from the Major Scale, in this case, the D Major Scale.

Formula for Major Pentatonic Scale is R 2 3 5 6

By applying the Major Pentatonic Scale formula we get the D Major Pentatonic Scale notes as D E F# A B

B Minor Pentatonic Scale – Relative Minor Scale of D Major Pentatonic Scale

  1. Formula for deriving minor pentatonic scale from a Major Scale is R b3 4 5 b7 (b is flattened note, which means that note is lowered a half step or a semitone)
  2. Formula for deriving minor pentatonic scale from a Minor Scale is R 3 4 5 7

Now we need to go ahead and derive the B Minor Pentatonic Scale. For that, we need to first derive the B Minor Scale. Since it’s the relative minor scale of D Major Scale, you can derive it from the D Major Scale itself.

To derive the B Minor Scale notes, all you need to do is count the notes starting with the B note (which is the root note of B Minor Scale) on the D Major Scale and after the last note (C#) go right on to the starting note of the scale (which is D) till you reach the note prior to the root note, which is B.

As a result, we get the B Minor Scale notes as B C# D E F# G A.

Did you notice something interesting here? Yes, you guessed it right! All the notes are the same in both the scales, with the only difference being D Major Scale starts with the note D (root note) and B Minor starts with B(root note). So in essence, the only difference between a Major and its Relative Minor Scale is their “root notes”.

Now, all we need to do is apply the minor pentatonic scale formula (for minor scale, the 2nd formula) to get the B Minor Pentatonic Scale notes.

By applying that formula, we get the B Minor Pentatonic Scale notes as B D E F# A

That’s it! Now you are much better off understanding the concepts discussed in the video!

So enjoy and leave your feedback as a comment or you can contact me if you didn’t follow any of the concepts.

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